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The characteristics of mandibular fracture in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung, Indonesia

Abstract

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION Mandibular fracture poses a fatal complication because the mandible plays an essential role in occlusion and aesthetics. The mandible is one of the bones most affected by facial fractures commonly resulting from trauma to the face and may be associated with severe morbidity and serious consequences                              METHODS The records of 282 patients referred to RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung, Indonesia between January 2017 and January 2021 were analysed retrospectively. Data including age, sex, etiology of mandibular fracture, type of mandibular fracture, and treatment. Incompleted data from the medical record were excluded.                                                                                     RESULTS Men aged 17-30 years were the most common victims of mandibular fracture. Road traffic accidents (RTAs) were responsible in 84% of cases. The most common anatomic site for mandibular fracture was parasymphysis region 28.7 with simple fractures 79%, and 82% of the total fractures were treated with open reduction                                                                    CONCLUSION The characteristics of mandibular fracture patients describe trauma patterns in the community. This finding is similar with some readily available literature with RTAs was the most common etiology and parasymphysis was the most common fracture site. Reasons for this high frequency may include the large number of poorly maintained, overloaded vehicles on unsuitable roads, violation of traffic regulations particularly by inexperienced young drivers.  
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How to Cite

Stevhany, A. R., Farah A. Putri, & Winarno Priyanto. (2023). The characteristics of mandibular fracture in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung, Indonesia. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science, 8(2). https://doi.org/10.15562/jdmfs.v8i2.1374

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Agnesthesia R. Stevhany
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JDMFS Journal


Farah A. Putri
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Winarno Priyanto
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JDMFS Journal