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The relationship of anterior malocclusion with phoneme articulation in children aged 6-12 years in Makassar, Indonesia

Abstract

Objective: This study aims to establish the correlation between anterior malocclusion and phoneme articulation among children between 6 and 12 years old in Makassar, Indonesia. Material and methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 157 elementary school students aged 6-12 in Makassar City, Indonesia. The sampling method used was purposive to identify students who met specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. Each student underwent an examination to determine the presence of anterior dental malocclusion and articulation check using a multi-word format consisting of phonemes. The data was analyzed using SPSS version 27. Result: The statistical tests conducted using the Chi-Square method shows a significant correlation between protrusion, diastema, deep bite, and crossbite with phoneme articulation errors, with a p-value of less than 0.05. Crowding is the most prevalent among all types of anterior malocclusion, while omissions are the most common type of phoneme articulation disorder. Conclusion:  Our findings indicate that children between ages 6 and 12 in Makassar, presenting anterior malocclusion, could potentially demonstrate phoneme articulation irregularities. These may be associated with such conditions as protrusion, diastema, deep bite and crossbite.
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How to Cite

Mansjur, K. Q., Ranggang, B. M., Nasir, M., Mudjari, S., Satria, B. A., & Savitri, E. (2024). The relationship of anterior malocclusion with phoneme articulation in children aged 6-12 years in Makassar, Indonesia. Journal of Dentomaxillofacial Science, 9(1), 6–10. https://doi.org/10.15562/jdmfs.v9i1.1645

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